An uncompromising quality.

Lanificio Zignone poses this primary objective and its achievements pass through rigid control in every phase of the production cycle.
A constant and accurate analysis which starts with the choice of the wool, personally selected by management, up to the final process, to ensure maximum transparency and total traceability of the production chain, localised exclusively in Biella.

A territory where the Pre-Alps have created an ideal setting for textile industry, thanks to the energy created by the waterfalls from torrents and the innate quality of the water which does not contain any hardness resulting perfect for washing, wool dyeing, vaporization of threads and the fabric finishing.
These factors, together with high quality and specialised skills, make fabrics made in Biella unique throughout the world. A process of craftsmanship handed down for generations, a perfect combination that cannot be found anywhere else.

Wool is the key protagonist of the production process.

It is the oldest and highly valued fibre within the clothing industry, due to its extraordinary features. It’s breathability and also its thermal properties, allow the body to keep warm in winter and fresh in summer; the absorption of perspiration which is released on the outside; the impregnability by moulds thanks to the wool protein; the recyclability, because in both as a raw material, as well as when manufactured, it can be taken apart and re-used; the biodegradability, because it decomposes within a few years releasing nutritious substances in the earth.

Lanificio Zignone chooses the finest wool, originating from Merino sheep farms in Australia and New Zealand, locations that excel in quality worldwide. These farms are monitored directly by the proprietors, who ensure the traceability of the raw material and the protection of the animals. Over time, thanks to the selection of different breeds, the wool has become finer, allowing the production of lighter and softer fabrics.
Lanificio Zinone partners with CCMI (Cashmere and Camel hair Manufacturers Institute), an institute which operates in the legal field when certifying noble fibres (cashmere mohair, alpaca) and since 2008, together with the Superfine Wool Council, has extended its actions to defend and control all products made in wool and superfine wool.

The term SUPER (as in SUPER 100s for example) may be used solely to identify fabrics made in the finest pure wool and the value ‘Super S’ is determined and has to observe the maximum values of the fibre diameters shown below:

“Super S” Number Maximum number of the average
diameterof the wool fibre
“Super S” Number Maximum number of the average
diameterof the wool fibre

SUPER 80s

19.75 µm

SUPER 170s

15.25 µm

SUPER 90s

19.25 µm

SUPER 180s

14.75 µm

SUPER 100s

18.75 µm

SUPER 190s

14.25 µm

SUPER 110s

18.25 µm

SUPER 200s

13.75 µm

SUPER 120s

17.75 µm

SUPER 210s

13.25 µm

SUPER 130s

17.25 µm

SUPER 220s

12.75 µm

SUPER 140s

16.75 µm

SUPER 230s

12.25 µm

SUPER 150s

16.25 µm

SUPER 240s

11.75 µm

SUPER 160s

15.75 µm

SUPER 250s

11.25 µm

The analytical method to determine the average diameter of the fiber is specified in the regulation that defines the Code of Practice (Code of Conduct) of the IWTO.
Micron: conveys the fineness of the wool. The average diameter of the wool fibers is measured in microns. Lanificio Zignone uses wool ranging from 15 microns to 19 microns.

The process by which the woollen fleece of a sheep is cut off

  • Lanificio Zignone fabrics are produced using fleece, the back part of the animal, the best part because the fibres are long and clean. In some of flannels in the winter collections, skirting is also used.

  • A part which is manually removed from the fleece that has just been sheared - it is slightly shorter than fleece, however still nice and clean. It is the second nicer part of the fleece.

  • Shorter and less refined cuts that fall off and are removed from the fleece, extended along the border after shearing.

  • Wool sheared from the animal’s belly that is flattened and very dirty with organic matter, since the sheep lies down on the ground to rest.

  • Wool sheared from the neck that is flattened and shorter.

  • Wool sheared from the hind, darker in colour and dirtier as this is where the sheep sits.

  • Parts that are very dirty, including black animal hair, usually of a yellowish colour as these are close to the genitals and get stained with urine.

  • It is a mix of wool from the muzzle and the legs and is very short. It is usually used in the ‘Open’ and it is usually never combed because it its too short.

  • These are the shavings from the skirting, that is the very short fibres that fall onto the ground while shearing: when the sheared wool is taken and placed on a table to be selected. These are used in the ‘Open’ blends.

  • Even these are very short fires that are used in mixed blends.

The wools imported to Italy are transferred to combing mill (company partner) where they are washed and combed to eliminate all impurities from the fibres. From this operation, tops, soft wool rovings are produced and depending on their final use, these ribbons are shifted to the dyeing plant (company partner) or to the company’s combing spinners, where the latest machines that work with condensation have been installed.
The main company within these establishments is the spinning mill Spaider and the production is made up of a variety of preparation procedures and with an 18 roving yarn rings, which speeds up the production process by automating it.
The procedure consists of combs in which the fibres are aligned, eliminating any irregularities from the roving and making the dimension finer.
At this stage, the personnel prepare the roving to be yarned. And it is here at the spinning mill that the roving becomes spun yarn, gets vaporised and then passed through spools (winding machines) where the yarns are twisted, making the fibre more resistant, giving it several characteristics depending on how it is made.
Yarns on spools may be used as is to achieve different textures during weaving; double-twisted on itself or with other yarns, to be used as chains during weaving. A completely automated process of the crimping and shrinkage phase precedes the weaving.
The weaving department is the place where the fabric comes to life. The whole production is done within the mill, where a number of threads in warp and weft are interwoven to produce woven fabrics, which vary according the instructions given by the design department. This creative hub within Lanificio Zignone, focuses on the research and development of new collections.

For weaving process, Lanificio Zignone makes use of the latest technology, which instead of using mechanical procedures to insert the weft into the warp, an airflow is used. Before the fabric is processed to the finishing stage, it undergoes an intensive quality control procedure by specialised people who are able to eliminate any residue, detecting any defect and darning it manually.
When a fabric needs to be dyed, it passes through the dyeing department, where an automated plant communicates to the machine the required colour. Lanificio Zignone has an internal laboratory to study and create the latest seasonal shades.
The finishing department is the place where all unbleached fabrics are finished, giving it a diverse aspect depending on its final use. It is the most important phase of the whole operation and knowing it can rely on a complete internal production process, allowing Lanificio Zignone to guarantee the highest quality product with constant investments in machinery and research: giving the design department the possibility to create new products; aiming at excellence and environment sustainability.